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JavaScript Vue

Basic Vuex Store Example

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Vuex is one state management that’s made to work with Vue apps.

To use it, we install it by running:

npm i vuex

Then we can register the Vuex plugin and create a basic Vuex store with:

import Vue from "vue";
import App from "./App.vue";
import Vuex from "vuex";

Vue.use(Vuex);

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    count: 0
  },
  mutations: {
    increment(state) {
      state.count++;
    }
  }
});

Vue.config.productionTip = false;

new Vue({
  store,
  render: h => h(App)
}).$mount("#app");

The store is created with the Vuex.Store constructor:"

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    count: 0
  },
  mutations: {
    increment(state) {
      state.count++;
    }
  }
});

The object we passed into the constructor has the state property with the count state inside it.

The initial value of count is 0.

The mutations property has methods that change the state.

We have the increment method which takes the state parameter.

It has the same content as the state property above it.

So we can run state.count++ to increment the value of the count state.

To make the store available to the rest of our app, we put store into the object we passed into the Vue constructor.

Then in a component, we can use the store as follows:

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <button @click="increment">Increment</button>
    <p>{{count}}</p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  computed: {
    count() {
      return this.$store.state.count;
    }
  },
  methods: {
    increment() {
      this.$store.commit("increment");
    }
  }
};
</script>

We have this.$store, which is the Vuex store. We have this object since we registered the Vuex plugin and put the store into the object we passed into the Vue constructor.

this.$store.state.count has the count state’s value.

And this.$store.commit lets us commit values to the store.

The 'increment' indicates that we call the increment method in the mutations property in the object we pass into the Vuex.Store constructor.

We also have an Increment button to call increment.

Now when we click the button, we’ll see the count value displayed below the button go up.

The commit method takes a 2nd argument, which is the payload.

So we can write:

import Vue from "vue";
import App from "./App.vue";
import Vuex from "vuex";

Vue.use(Vuex);

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    count: 0
  },
  mutations: {
    increment(state, payload) {
      state.count += payload;
    }
  }
});

Vue.config.productionTip = false;

new Vue({
  store,
  render: h => h(App)
}).$mount("#app");

and write:

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <button @click="increment">Increment</button>
    <p>{{count}}</p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  computed: {
    count() {
      return this.$store.state.count;
    }
  },
  methods: {
    increment() {
      this.$store.commit("increment", 2);
    }
  }
};
</script>

to increment by 2 instead of 1 when we click.

We have:

this.$store.commit("increment", 2);

instead of:

this.$store.commit("increment");

and:

mutations: {
  increment(state, payload) {
   state.count += payload;
  }
}

instead of:

mutations: {
  increment(state,) {
    state.count ++;
  }
}

payload is the 2 we passed in.

A basic Vuex store can let us store an app-wide state easily.

We just have to commit mutations to set the state and get the state from the store via the $this.store.state property.

We can return the latest value in the computed property so we can use it.

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