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Fastify

Server-Side Development with Fastify — Server Options

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Fastify is a small Node framework for developing back end web apps.

In this article, we’ll look at how to create back end apps with Fastify.

Server Options

We can set some options when we require fastify .

http2 lets us use HTTP/2 to bind the socket.

https lets ys listen for TLS connections.

connectionTimeout lets us define the server timeout in milliseconds.

keepAliveTimeout lets us define the server keep-alive timeout in milliseconds.

ignoreTrailingSlash makes Fastify ignore trailing slashes when matching routes.

For example, if we have:

const fastify = require('fastify')({
  ignoreTrailingSlash: true
})

fastify.get('/foo/', function(req, reply) {
  reply.send('foo')
})

// registers both "/bar" and "/bar/"
fastify.get('/bar', function(req, reply) {
  reply.send('bar')
})
const start = async () => {
  try {
    await fastify.listen(3000, '0.0.0.0')
  } catch (err) {
    fastify.log.error(err)
    process.exit(1)
  }
}
start()

The /foo and /foo/ matches the /foo/ route.

And /bar and /bar/ matches the /bar/ route.

maxParamLength sets the max length of the route parameter. Anything longer than the length won’t be invoked.

bodyLimit sets the max request body size.

logger lets us enable the logger.

We can add pino as a custom logger by writing:

const pino = require('pino')();

const customLogger = {
  info(o, ...n) { },
  warn(o, ...n) { },
  error(o, ...n) { },
  fatal(o, ...n) { },
  trace(o, ...n) { },
  debug(o, ...n) { },
  child() {
    const child = Object.create(this);
    child.pino = pino.child(...arguments);
    return child;
  },
};

const fastify = require('fastify')({
  logger: customLogger
})

fastify.get('/foo/', function(req, reply) {
  reply.send('foo')
})

// registers both "/bar" and "/bar/"
fastify.get('/bar', function(req, reply) {
  reply.send('bar')
})
const start = async () => {
  try {
    await fastify.listen(3000, '0.0.0.0')
  } catch (err) {
    fastify.log.error(err)
    process.exit(1)
  }
}
start()

disableRequestLogging lets us disable logging of requests.

serverFactory lets us pass a custom HTTP server to Fastify.

For example, we can write:

const Fastify = require('fastify')
const http = require('http')

const serverFactory = (handler, opts) => {
  const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
    handler(req, res)
  })
  return server
}

const fastify = Fastify({ serverFactory })

fastify.get('/', (req, reply) => {
  reply.send({ hello: 'world' })
})

const start = async () => {
  try {
    await fastify.listen(3000, '0.0.0.0')
  } catch (err) {
    fastify.log.error(err)
    process.exit(1)
  }
}
start()

to create a server with the http module.

caseSensitive lets us set whether to match routes in a case sensitive manner.

For example, if we have:

const fastify = require('fastify')({
  caseSensitive: false
})

fastify.get('/user/:username', (request, reply) => {
  reply.send(request.params.username)
})

const start = async () => {
  try {
    await fastify.listen(3000, '0.0.0.0')
  } catch (err) {
    fastify.log.error(err)
    process.exit(1)
  }
}
start()

Then if we go to /USER/NODEJS , we see NODEJS since caseSensitive is false .

The genReqId option lets us generate the request ID with our own function,.

For example, we can write:

let i = 0
const fastify = require('fastify')({
  genReqId (req) { return i++ }
})

fastify.get('/', (request, reply) => {
  reply.send('hello world')
})

const start = async () => {
  try {
    await fastify.listen(3000, '0.0.0.0')
  } catch (err) {
    fastify.log.error(err)
    process.exit(1)
  }
}
start()

to create our own function to generate the request ID.

Conclusion

We can configure a few options with our Fastify server.

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