How to Handle Inputs with React Hooks?

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Handling input values is something that we’ve to do often in our React app.

In this article, we’ll look at how we can handle inputs in our React components.

Handling Inputs

To handle inputs, we can write:

import { useState } from "react";

const initialState = {
  username: "",
  email: "",
  password: ""

export default function App() {
  const [{ username, email, password }, setState] = useState(initialState);

  const onChange = (e) => {
    const { name, value } =;
    setState((prevState) => ({ ...prevState, [name]: value }));

  return (
          <input value={username} name="username" onChange={onChange} />
          <input value={email} name="email" onChange={onChange} />

We create a state with the useState hook.

Its initial value is set to an object with the username , email , and password properties.

Then we have the onChange function to update the value of the state.

We call setState with a callback to get the prevState which is the state’s current value.

And we return a new object which is a copy of prevState , but with the [name ] dynamic property set to . has the inputted value.

Below that, we have the inputs with the value prop to set the input value of those input fields.

And the onChange prop is set to the onChange function which lets us update the state to what we want.


We can handle input values by getting the value that’s typed in with .

Then we can update the state object with the new value by making a copy of it and overwriting the property value we want with a callback in the state setter function.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

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