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How to Get HTML Form Values with JavaScript?

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Sometimes, we want to get HTML form values with JavaScript.

In this article, we’ll look at how to get HTML form values with JavaScript.

Use the FormData Constructor

We can use the FormData constructor to create an object that gets the key-value pairs of the form values we entered.

For instance, if we have the following form:

<form>
  Credit Card Validation:
  <input type="text" name="cctextbox">
  <br />

  Card Type:
  <select name="cardtype">
    <option value="visa">Visa</option>
    <option value="mastercard">MasterCard</option>
    <option value="discover">Discover</option>
    <option value="amex">Amex</option>
    <option value="diners">Diners Club</option>
  </select>
  <br />
  <input type="submit" />
</form>

Then we can write:

const form = document.querySelector('form')
form.addEventListener('submit', (e) => {
  e.preventDefault()
  const formData = new FormData(form)
  for (const pair of formData.entries()) {
    console.log(pair)
  }
})

to listen to the submit event of the form and get the value when we submit.

We first get the form element with document.querySelector .

Then we call addEventListener to add the submit event listener to the form.

The 2nd argument of addEventListener is the submit event listener.

We call e.preventDefault to prevent the default submit behavior so we can do client-side form submission.

Then we create the formData object with the FormData constructor with the form as the argument to get the form data values.

And then we call formData.entries to get an array of form data key-pair pairs.

Then pair should be something like:

["cctextbox", "aa"]
["cardtype", "visa"]

where the first entry if the name attribute value and the 2nd entry is the entered value.

Conclusion

We can get the form values entered with the FormData constructor.

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