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Ant Design Vue

Ant Design Vue — Form Validation and Layout

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Ant Design Vue or AntD Vue, is a useful UI framework made for Vue.js.

In this article, we’ll look at how to use it in our Vue apps.

Form Validation Rules

We can set the rules with the rules prop:

<template>
  <a-form :form="form">
    <a-form-item
      :label-col="formItemLayout.labelCol"
      :wrapper-col="formItemLayout.wrapperCol"
      label="Name"
    >
      <a-input
        v-decorator="[
          'username',
          { rules: [{ required: true, message: 'Please input your name' }] },
        ]"
        placeholder="Please input your name"
      />
    </a-form-item>
    <a-form-item
      :label-col="formItemLayout.labelCol"
      :wrapper-col="formItemLayout.wrapperCol"
      label="Nickname"
    >
      <a-input
        v-decorator="[
          'nickname',
          { rules: [{ required: checkNick, message: 'Please input your nickname' }] },
        ]"
        placeholder="Please input your nickname"
      />
    </a-form-item>
    <a-form-item :label-col="formTailLayout.labelCol" :wrapper-col="formTailLayout.wrapperCol">
      <a-checkbox :checked="checkNick" @change="handleChange">Nickname is required</a-checkbox>
    </a-form-item>
    <a-form-item :label-col="formTailLayout.labelCol" :wrapper-col="formTailLayout.wrapperCol">
      <a-button type="primary" @click="check">Check</a-button>
    </a-form-item>
  </a-form>
</template>

<script>
const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 4 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 8 }
};
const formTailLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 4 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 8, offset: 4 }
};
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      checkNick: false,
      formItemLayout,
      formTailLayout,
      form: this.$form.createForm(this, { name: "dynamic_rule" })
    };
  },
  methods: {
    check() {
      this.form.validateFields(err => {
        if (!err) {
          console.info("success");
        }
      });
    },
    handleChange(e) {
      this.checkNick = e.target.checked;
      this.$nextTick(() => {
        this.form.validateFields(["nickname"], { force: true });
      });
    }
  }
};
</script>

We set the required property in the object we added to the rules property to the checkNick reactive property so that we can make the nickname required only when the Nickname is required checkbox is checked.

Inline Form

We can set the layout prop to inline to make the form fields display inline:

<template>
  <a-form layout="inline" :form="form" @submit="handleSubmit">
    <a-form-item :validate-status="userNameError() ? 'error' : ''" :help="userNameError() || ''">
      <a-input
        v-decorator="[
          'userName',
          { rules: [{ required: true, message: 'Please input your username!' }] },
        ]"
        placeholder="Username"
      >
        <a-icon slot="prefix" type="user" style="color:rgba(0,0,0,.25)"/>
      </a-input>
    </a-form-item>
    <a-form-item :validate-status="passwordError() ? 'error' : ''" :help="passwordError() || ''">
      <a-input
        v-decorator="[
          'password',
          { rules: [{ required: true, message: 'Please input your Password!' }] },
        ]"
        type="password"
        placeholder="Password"
      >
        <a-icon slot="prefix" type="lock" style="color:rgba(0,0,0,.25)"/>
      </a-input>
    </a-form-item>
    <a-form-item>
      <a-button
        type="primary"
        html-type="submit"
        :disabled="hasErrors(form.getFieldsError())"
      >Log in</a-button>
    </a-form-item>
  </a-form>
</template>

<script>
function hasErrors(fieldsError) {
  return Object.keys(fieldsError).some(field => fieldsError[field]);
}
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      hasErrors,
      form: this.$form.createForm(this, { name: "horizontal_login" })
    };
  },
  mounted() {
    this.$nextTick(() => {
      this.form.validateFields();
    });
  },
  methods: {
    userNameError() {
      const { getFieldError, isFieldTouched } = this.form;
      return isFieldTouched("userName") && getFieldError("userName");
    },
    passwordError() {
      const { getFieldError, isFieldTouched } = this.form;
      return isFieldTouched("password") && getFieldError("password");
    },
    handleSubmit(e) {
      e.preventDefault();
      this.form.validateFields((err, values) => {
        if (!err) {
          console.log("Received values of form: ", values);
        }
      });
    }
  }
};
</script>

Conclusion

We can add form validation and change the layout with Ant Design Vue.

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