Create a React Bar Graph with the Visx Library

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Visx is a library that lets us add graphics to our React app easily.

In this article, we’ll look at how to use it to add bar graphs into our React app.

Getting Started

To get started, we’ve to install several modules provided by Visx.,

To install the ones needed by the bar graph, we run:

$ npm install --save @visx/mock-data @visx/group @visx/shape @visx/scale

The @visx/mock-data library has mock data we can use in our bar graphs.

Create the Bar Graph

To create the bar graph, we add the following code:

import React from "react";
import { letterFrequency } from "@visx/mock-data";
import { Group } from "@visx/group";
import { Bar } from "@visx/shape";
import { scaleLinear, scaleBand } from "@visx/scale";

const data = letterFrequency;
const width = 500;
const height = 300;
const margin = { top: 20, bottom: 20, left: 20, right: 20 };
const xMax = width - margin.left - margin.right;
const yMax = height - - margin.bottom;
const x = (d) => d.letter;
const y = (d) => +d.frequency * 100;

const xScale = scaleBand({
  range: [0, xMax],
  round: true,
  padding: 0.4
const yScale = scaleLinear({
  range: [yMax, 0],
  round: true,
  domain: [0, Math.max(]

const compose = (scale, accessor) => (data) => scale(accessor(data));
const xPoint = compose(xScale, x);
const yPoint = compose(yScale, y);

function BarGraph(props) {
  return (
    <svg width={width} height={height}>
      {, i) => {
        const barHeight = yMax - yPoint(d);
        return (
          <Group key={`bar-${i}`}>
              y={yMax - barHeight}

export default function App() {
  return (
      <BarGraph />

data has the data for our graph.

width and height are the width and height of the graph.

margin has the margins.

xMax has the max x-axis value.

yMax has the max y-axis value.

x is a function to return the data to display for the x-axis.

And y is the function to return the data to display on the y-axis.

xScale lets us create the x-axis values to add to the graph.

yScale has the y-axis values for the graph.

Then we create the compose function to scale the x and y axis values to fit in the graph.

Once we did that, we create the BarGraph component with the Group and Bar components.

Bar has the bars.

Group has the container for the bars.

We set the fill color for the bar.

And the x and y values

y is set to the height of the bar.

The width is scaled according to the screen size.


We can add bar graphs easily into our React app with the Visx library.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

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