JavaScript Answers

How to Trim Off the Last Character in a JavaScript String?

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Trimming off the last character in a JavaScript string is something that we’ve to do often.

In this article, we’ll look at how to trim off the last character in a JavaScript string.


We can use the substring method available in a string instance to return a substring of the string it’s called on.

For instance, we can use it by writing:

let str = "abc";
str = str.substring(0, str.length - 1);

We have the str string which we want to remove the last character from.

Then we call substring with the start and end indexes which we want to extract from.

Then we assign the returned value back to str .

The end index itself is excluded from the string, so we need to subtract one from the end index we want to extract the substring we want.

Therefore, str is 'ab' in the last line of the code.


A string also comes with the slice method.

For instance, we can write:

let str = "abc";
str = str.slice(0, -1);

slice also takes the start and end indexes respectively.

But we can use the negative indexes which start with -1 for the last character, -2 for the 2nd last character, and so on.

Like with substring , slice excludes the character at the end index from the returned string.

Therefore, we get the same result with slice we we do with substring .

slice with lastIndexOf

The lastIndexOf method returns the last index of a given character.

So we can write:

let str = "abc";
str = str.slice(0, str.lastIndexOf("c"));

We pass 'c' to lastIndexOf to get the last index of the str string.

So we see 'ab' as the value of str in the last line.

The split, pop, and join Methods

Also, to remove the last character from a JavaScript string, we can split the string into an array, then call pop to remove the last item from the array, then use join to join the character array back into a string.

To do this, we write:

let str = "abc";
const strArr = str.split("")
str = strArr.join('')

We call split with an empty string to split str into an array of characters and we store that in strArr .

Then we call pop on strArr to remove the last element from strArr .

And then we call join to combine the character array back to a string.

Since strings are iterable objects, we can just use the spread operator to spread it into a string.

For instance, we can write:

let str = "abc";
const strArr = [...str]
str = strArr.join('')


There are many ways to trim off the last character from a string with JavaScript.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

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