How to Update a React Component When Scrolling?

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Sometimes, we want to update a React component when we’re scrolling.

In this article, we’ll look at how to update a React component when scrolling.

Add a Scroll Event Listener

We can add a scroll event listener into the useEffect hook to let us watch for scrolling events.

For instance, we can write:

import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";

export default function App() {
  const [scrollTop, setScrollTop] = useState();
  const [scrolling, setScrolling] = useState();

  useEffect(() => {
    const onScroll = (e) => {
      setScrolling( > scrollTop);
    window.addEventListener("scroll", onScroll);

    return () => window.removeEventListener("scroll", onScroll);
  }, [scrollTop]);

  useEffect(() => {
  }, [scrolling]);

  return (
        .map((a, i) => {
          return <p key={i}>{a}</p>;

We create the scrollTop and scrolling states with the useState hook.

Next, we call the useEffect hook with a callback that calls addEventListener to listen for scroll events triggered on the browser screen.

The onScroll function sets the scrollTop and scrolling state values.

We know we’re scrolling when > scrollTop is true .

We return a callback that calls removeEventListener to remove the scroll event listener when we unmount the component.

And we log the latest value of scrolling in the useEffect callback.

Finally, we return some content we can scroll through in the JSX.

Now when we scroll, we should see the latest value of scrolling logged.


If we want to update a React component when scrolling, we can watch for scroll events that are triggered with an event listener.

Then we can do what we want in the event listener when we’re scrolling in the event handler.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

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