JavaScript Answers

How to Create and Read a Value from a Cookie with JavaScript?

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Sometimes, we may want to create and read a value from a cookie with JavaScript.

In this article, we’ll look at how to create and read a value from a cookie with JavaScript.

Creating a Cookie

We can create a cookie by setting the document.cookie property with a string that has the key-value pair with the expires key-value pair attached after it.

For instance, we can write:

const setCookie = (name, value, days = 7, path = "/") => {
  const expires = new Date( + days * 864e5).toUTCString();
  document.cookie =
    name +
    "=" +
    encodeURIComponent(value) +
    "; expires=" +
    expires +
    "; path=" +

We create the setCookie function that takes the name , value , days , and path parameters.

name is the key of the cookie.

value is the corresponding value of the key of the cookie.

days is the number of days until it expires.

path is the path for the cookie.

expires has the date string of the expiry date.

toUTCString returns the date string in UTC.

Then we set document.cookie with the name and value with = between it.

And we concatenate that with the expires key-value pair after the semicolon.

And we add the path after that.

Getting a Cookie

There’s no easy way to get a JavaScript cookie with native methods.

We’ve to extract the cookie ourselves given the key.

To do this, we write:

const getCookie = (name) => {
  return document.cookie.split("; ").reduce((r, v) => {
    const parts = v.split("=");
    return parts[0] === name ? decodeURIComponent(parts[1]) : r;
  }, "");

We split the document.cookie string with ; .

Then we call reduce on the string array to split the parts by the = sign with split .

Then we check if the first entry of the array is the same as name .

If it is, then we call decodeURIComponent with parts[1] to decode the value.

Otherwise, we return r which has the remaining parts of the split document.cookie string.

The 2nd argument of reduce is an empty string which is the initial return value of reduce .

Now when we call the 2 functions as follows:

setCookie("foo", "bar", 10);

We see that the console log should return 'bar' .


We can get and set the document.cookies string property to get and set cookies with JavaScript.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

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