Categories
JavaScript Answers

How to Detect When a YouTube Video Finishes Playing with JavaScript?

Spread the love

To detect when a YouTube video finishes playing with JavaScript, we can set the events.onReady and events.onStateChange methods in the object we pass into the YT.Player constructor.

For instance, we can write the following HTML:

<div id="player"></div>

Then we can add a video into the div with the YouTube API by writing:

const tag = document.createElement("script");
tag.id = "iframe-demo";
tag.src = "https://www.youtube.com/iframe_api";
const [firstScriptTag] = document.getElementsByTagName("script");
firstScriptTag.parentNode.insertBefore(tag, firstScriptTag);
let player;

window.onPlayerReady = (event) => {
  event.target.playVideo();
};

window.onPlayerStateChange = (event) => {
  if (event.data === 0) {
    console.log("done");
  }
};

window.onYouTubeIframeAPIReady = () => {
  player = new window.YT.Player("player", {
    width: 200,
    height: 100,
    videoId: "M7lc1UVf-VE",
    events: {
      onReady: window.onPlayerReady,
      onStateChange: window.onPlayerStateChange
    }
  });
};

We add the YouTube script with:

const tag = document.createElement("script");
tag.id = "iframe-demo";
tag.src = "https://www.youtube.com/iframe_api";
const [firstScriptTag] = document.getElementsByTagName("script");
firstScriptTag.parentNode.insertBefore(tag, firstScriptTag);

Then we add the onPlayerReady method with:

window.onPlayerReady = (event) => {
  event.target.playVideo();
};

to play the video when the player is ready.

Then we have the onPlayerStateChange method that checks if event.data is 0.

If it is, then we know the video is done playing.

And finally, we have the onYouTubeIframeAPIReady method to create a YouTube player with the YT.Player constructor.

'player' is the ID of the div that houses the video.

width and height are the width and height.

videoId is the ID of the YouTube video to play.

And the events property have the event listeners for when the video player is ready and when the video player state changes, which are onReady and onStateChange respectively.

By John Au-Yeung

Web developer specializing in React, Vue, and front end development.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.