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How to Check Variable Equality Against a List of Values in JavaScript?

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Sometimes, we’ve to check variable equality against a list of values in JavaScript.

In this article, we’ll look at how to check variable equality against a list of values in JavaScript.

Use the Array.prototype.indexOf Method

We can use the JavaScript array’s indexOf method to check if a value is included in the list of values in the array.

For instance, we can write:

let foo;
//...
if ([1, 3, 12].indexOf(foo) > -1) {
  //...
}

We have the foo variable and we check if foo is 1, 3 or 12 by putting those values in an array and then call the indexOf method of the array with foo .

Then if it returns a number bigger than -1, we know foo is one of the values listed in the array.

Use the Array.prototype.includes Method

Another array method we can use to check if a variable is one of the values in a list is to use the includes method.

For instance, we can write:

let foo;
//...
if ([1, 3, 12].includes(foo)) {
  //...
}

We call includes the way we call indexOf .

If includes returns true , then we know foo is one of the values in the array.

Conclusion

We can put the list of values we want to check in an array and then use the includes or indexOf method to check if the variable is in the array.

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