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How to Merge Properties of Two JavaScript Objects Dynamically?

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JavaScript objects have dynamic properties.

This means that we can merge the properties of 2 JavaScript objects dynamically.

This is an operation that’s done frequently.

In this article, we’ll look at how to merge properties of 2 JavaScript objects dynamically.

Spread Operator

The spread operator is available to objects since ES2018.

It lets us merge 2 objects’ properties together with ease.

For instance, we can write:

const obj1 = {
  a: 1
}
const obj2 = {
  b: 2
}
const merged = {
  ...obj1,
  ...obj2
};

The spread operator is the 3 dots.

It copies the p[roperies from obj1 and obj2 in the same order that they’re written.

Therefore, merged is {a: 1, b: 2} .

If 2 objects have the same properties, then the value of the last one that’s merged in overwrites the one that’s there previously.

For instance, if we have:

const obj1 = {
  a: 1
}
const obj2 = {
  a: 2
}
const merged = {
  ...obj1,
  ...obj2
};

Then merged is {a: 2} .

Object.assign

The Object.assign method also lets us combine 2 objects together and return one merged object as the result.

For instance, we can write:

const obj1 = {
  a: 1
}
const obj2 = {
  b: 2
}
const merged = Object.assign(obj1, obj2);

Then merged is {a: 1, b: 2} .

The object in the first argument is mutation.

So if we want to return a new object with the properties of 2 objects without changing them, we pass in an empty array as the first argument:

const obj1 = {
  a: 1
}
const obj2 = {
  b: 2
}
const merged = Object.assign({}, obj1, obj2);

Object.assign is available since ES6

for-in Loop

If the 2 ways above aren’t available, then we can use the for-in loop as the last resort.

It’s definitely not recommended since the 2 options above have been available for a few years.

And they’re much simpler and easier to use.

But if we need to use the for-in loop, we write:

const obj1 = {
  a: 1
}
const obj2 = {
  b: 2
}

const merged = {}
for (const prop in obj1) {
  merged[prop] = obj1[prop];
}

for (const prop in obj2) {
  merged[prop] = obj2[prop];
}

We loop through all the properties of obj1 and obj2 with the for-in loop and put all the properties values into the merged object.

prop has the property name.

And so merged is:

{a: 1, b: 2}

Conclusion

We can use the spread operator and Object.assign to merge properties from different objects into one object.

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