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How to Prepend and Append an Element with Regular JavaScript?

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Sometimes, we want to prepend or append a child element in a parent element on our web page.

In this article, we’ll look at how to prepend and append an element with regular JavaScript.

Prepend an Element

We can prepend an element by using the insertBefore method.

For instance, if we have the following HTML:

<div id='parent'>  
  <p>  
    hello world  
  </p>  
</div>

Then we can prepend an element before the p element in the div by writing:

const parent = document.getElementById("parent");  
const child = document.createElement("div");  
child.innerHTML = 'Are we there yet?';  
parent.insertBefore(child, parent.firstChild);

We get the div with document.getElementById .

Then we create a div with document.createElement .

And then we add some content to the child div by setting the innerHTML property.

Finally, we call parent.insertBefore with the child element we want to insert and parent.firstChild to prepend child before the first child node of parent .

Append an Element

We can append an element into a container element by using the appendChild method.

For instance, if we have the following HTML:

<div id='parent'>  
  <p>  
    hello world  
  </p>  
</div>

Then we can add a child after the p element by writing:

const parent = document.getElementById("parent");  
const child = document.createElement("div");  
child.innerHTML = 'Are we there yet?';  
parent.appendChild(child);

The first 3 lines are the same as the previous example.

The only difference is that we call parent.appendChild with child to add child after the p element.

Conclusion

We can use the insertBefore method to prepend an element as the first child element.

And we can use the appendChild method to add a child element as the last child of the parent element.

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